Bitwa nad Czarnym Nurtem

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Bitwa nad Czarnym Nurtem
BitwaNadCzarnymNurtemTV.jpg
Scena bitwy w serialu TV
Konflict Wojna Pięciu Królów
Data 299 AC
Miejsce Królewska Przystań / Ujście Czarnego Nurtu
Wynik Decydujące zwycięstwo rodu Baratheonów z Królewskiej Przystani
Walczące strony
Król na Wąskim Morzu
Większość lordów Burzy, rody zaprzysiężone Smoczej Skale,
część rodów Reach,
Lyseńscy najemnicy
Król na Żelaznym Tronie
Straż Miejska,
armia Zachodu,
większość rodów Reach,
część lordów Burzy
Dowódcy
Król Stannis Baratheon
Ser {Imry Florent}
Ser {Guyard Morrigen}
Ser Rolland Storm
Tyrion Lannister
Lord {Jacelyn Bywater}
Lord Tywin Lannister
Ser Garlan Tyrell
Wielkość sił
200 okrętów oraz zwiadowcze
armia kawalerii, w tym 20,000 rycerzy, lekka kawaleria i wolni jeźdźcy
50 okrętów
6,800 obrońców miasta
80-110 000 posiłków z wojsk Lannisterów i Tyrellów
Ofiary
Większość floty,
47 pomniejszych lordów
619 rycerzy i kilka tysięcy zbrojnych,
wojska lądowe zostały rozproszone lub przeszły na stronę wroga[1]
Większość floty,
1600 Złotych Płaszczy zginęło lub zdezerterowało,
straty wojsk ziemnych nieznane

Bitwa nad Czarnym Nurtem była największym starciem zbrojnym Wojny Pięciu Królów. Została stoczona między siłami lojalnymi Stannisowi Baratheonowi, a tymi wiernymi Joffrey'owi Baratheonowi. Armia Stannisa była bliska pokonania garnizonu Królewskiej Przystani, ale została zaskoczona i unicestwiona przez połączone siły Tywina Lannistera i Tyrellów.

Podłoże

Smocza Skała

Stannis was one of the first members of King Robert's Mała Rada to harbor suspicions of the parentage of the king's children, and to discover that they were born of incest between Queen Cersei Lannister and her brother Ser Jaime. Taking his suspicions and what proof he could muster, in the form of Robert's numerous bastard children, to Lord Arryn, he hoped to convince the Namiestnik Króla, one of Robert's oldest and most trusted friends, of the Lannisters' treason. When Arryn died under suspicious circumstances shortly thereafter, Stannis fled to Smocza Skała, his seat of power. Rallying what strength he could, with but few Houses sworn to Smocza Skała, he closed the port and its surrounding waters, hiring mercenaries and pirates of the Wolne Miasta to augment his forces. As the lord of an island fiefdom and the former Starszy nad Statkami, Stannis' naval power was considerable, but the sparse population of the rocky, volcanic islands surrounding Smocza Skała left him without the strength to risk openly contesting the Lannisters.[2][3]

After Robert died, Stannis presented his claims through letters distributed throughout the Siedem Królestw, proclaiming Prince Joffrey and his siblings the fruit of incest, and claiming the crown as Robert's eldest surviving brother and rightful heir. With neither proof, nor the support or love of nobles and commons alike, his proclamation ended as little more than tavern gossip.[3]

Walczący Renly

Even before Stannis' ravens had taken wing with his claim, his younger brother Renly had ridden from Królewska Przystań to Wysogród, where he wed the daughter of Lord Tyrell and claimed the crown for himself. For Stannis, this was blatant treason. Moreover, Stannis was infuriated with the knowledge that the Krainy Burzy had thrown in with Renly, despite the fact that Stannis, as the eldest son of Ród Baratheonów, should have held claim to the loyalty of his House's ancestral seat. Unwilling to let such treachery pass, when Stannis at last set out from Smocza Skała to war, he made not for Królewska Przystań, but Koniec Burzy.[4]

Stannis laid siege to the coastal fortress, which was under the command of Ser Cortnay Penrose, but all his might was but a meager thing against all the strength of storm and Reach at his brother's command. When Renly abandoned his march on Królewska Przystań, bringing all his Rycerzs and mounted forces to lift the siege, Stannis was vastly outnumbered. However, before the battle could begin, Renly was slain by a shadow called forth by the shadowbinder Melisandre, an Asshai'i woman in Stannis' service.[5]

With Renly dead, the greater part of the Rycerzs and lords who had been sworn to him submitted to the last Baratheon, chief among them Ród Florentów, relatives of Stannis' wife. About a fifth of the cavalry did not submit, and fled under the command of Ser Loras Tyrell back to Gorzki Most, where almost 80,000 men of Renly's army waited with his widowed Tyrell queen.[6][7] Ser Loras captured the Rycerzs Stannis sent to try and recruit Reach-Krainy Burzy infantry still encamped at Bitterbridge.

Geneza

Unaware of the capture of Ser Parmen Crane and Ser Erren Florent, Stannis' army now marched on Królewska Przystań. Reinforced with some of the strength of the Krainy Burzy, King Stannis had almost twenty thousand men at his command, mostly Rycerzs and freeriders, against the few thousand gold cloaks of Królewska Przystań's City Watch. However, the city was guarded to the south by the Czarny Nurt, and would require an amphibious assault to conquer. Stannis moved his host and fleet upon Królewska Przystań.

Under the direction of the acting Hand, Tyrion Lannister, Królewska Przystań meanwhile strengthened its defenses, doubling its city watch, burning the buildings outside the city walls and constructing a chain which would allow the defenders to close off the Blackwater Rush, as well as preparing ships loaded with Dziki ogień. Tyrion sent out his remaining 150 Górskie Klanymen to harass Stannis's flanks in the Królewski Las.

Treacherous waters and inclement weather delayed Stannis's fleet on its northward journey from Koniec Burzy. About a dozen ships were lost on the journey to Czarna Zatoka and the troops on land suffered days of harassment from Tyrion's clansmen and skirmishers in the Kingswood, despite burning swaths of the forest trying to ferret them out.[8] When Stannis's fleet passed the Merling Rock.[9] Stannis went to command his troops on land and gave command of the fleet to Ser Imry Florent, who commanded from Stannis's galley the Furia.

Przebieg bitwy

Bitwa na rzece

The fleet sailed up the Blackwater Rush with almost all their strength. Confident of his superior numbers, and knowing that the fleet of Królewska Przystań could not hope to contest them, Ser Imry did not send scouts ahead, and recklessly attacked immediately, leaving only a contingent of mercenary galleys led by Salladhor Saan as rear guard guard out in the bay. The fleet was organized into ten battle lines composed of twenty ships each. The first two lines were to smash the small royal fleet, while the remaining ships were to land troops to attack the city.[10]

Ser Imry's lack of caution proved disastrous when the Lannisters sprung a trap. When Stannis's fleet engaged with Joffrey's, they encountered ships loaded to bursting with Dziki ogień, a deadly accelerant, which burns even on water. Spreading downstream it has soon engulfed in flames the closely packed ships of both fleets, finding their retreat cut off by the massive chain that had been raised between two winch towers at the mouth of the river.

The wildfire unleashed a tremendous amount of damage, destroying Joffrey's small fleet and a large portion of Stannis's. However, a few of Stannis's ships had escaped the conflagration: eight ships managed to land troops to the northern bank, and forty or so galleys remained ready to row Stannis's main force across the river. The congestion of wrecks caught on the chain had unwittingly provided a bridge - albeit a burning, unstable one - for the army to cross.[10]

Atak na Królewską Przystań

The city itself was defended by some 5,700 gold cloaks (300 having been sent to escort Littlefinger in his attempt to recruit the Tyrells), leavened with 800 mercenaries and 300 Rycerzs, squires, and men-at-arms from the court and the surrounding region. As acting Namiestnik Króla, command of the defense was taken by Tyrion Lannister.[11]

To avoid being overwhelmed, Tyrion tasked several groups of mounted men-at-arms, along with what few Rycerzs the city had, to harry Stannis' forces as they came ashore. Under the command of Sandor Clegane and Ser Balon Swann of the Gwardia Królewska, they managed to help stem the tide, but as the battle dragged on, they suffered grievous casualties. Battering rams had been brought to bear on at least two of the city's gates, and when the wildfire raging across the river finally robbed Clegane of his courage, the refusal of the fearsome Hound to lead any more sorties threatened to break the morale of the defenders.

Realizing that they had to drive off the rams and hold the river at all costs, Tyrion made to lead the next sortie himself. Shamed into action by the dwarf's display of courage, the Kingslanders rallied to clear the riverbank one last time; they managed to disperse the attackers and make for the Mud Gate.[12] Tyrion took the fight to the riverfront as they observed a large group of Stannis's soldiers crossing over the bridge of ship wreckage in the river. However, in the fighting amidst the wreckage of the collapsing bridge of boats, Tyrion was severely wounded at the hands of Ser Mandon Moore of the Gwardia Królewska, who had been Tyrion's sworn shield throughout the battle.[13]

After the loss of the Hand, the defenders retreated within the city walls, freeing Stannis to transport enough men over the river to assault the city in earnest. Ser Guyard Morrigen led the van. Queen Cersei, fearing for her son, had King Joffrey withdraw to the Czerwona Twierdza from amongst the men[14]; as soon as the defenders saw the king retire, their morale broke and they began throwing down their spears and fled by the hundreds leaving the walls, killing their officers, including Ser Jacelyn Bywater, in the process. At this point the battle seemed to be lost.[15]

Przybycie Tywina Lannistera

Though Stannis' army was still split across the Blackwater, victory was now within his grasp. Just as quickly as the tide had turned in his favor, however, it was turned again by the sudden appearance of foes on his flanks. Unknown to either the attackers or the defenders, the Lannisters and the Tyrells had secured an alliance and Renly's former army has marched from Bitterbridge, uniting with Lord Tywin Lannister's own host in the shadow of the Kingswood.[14]

Tyrion's Dzicy in the Kingswood created a blind spot for Stannis by killing his outriders and scouts, and allowed Tywin to take Stannis's smaller and partially crossed host unaware from the rear. Lord Tywin led the right, Mace Tyrell the left, and Randyll Tarly the center, but much of the fighting was done by the vanguard, led by Ser Garlan Tyrell. Garlan dressed in the ornate and unmistakable armor of the late Renly Baratheon, leading to confusion and disorder amongst Stannis' ranks, and even stories that Renly had risen from the dead and fought as a ghost for Joffrey. "Renly's shade" slew Guyard Morrigen, who led Stannis's van. Divided, surprised, and outnumbered, Stannis' host broke quickly, with many of his lords bannermen switching allegiance mid-battle, proving as fickle to Stannis as they had to the deceased Renly. The Bastard of Nightsong led a rearguard action that allowed perhaps two thousand Stannis loyalists, chiefly Florents, to escape, along with Stannis himself on the Lysene galleys which had been left in Blackwater Bay while the rest of the fleet had burned.[15]

Znaczenie bitwy

Despite Stannis' survival, the battle was a decisive defeat for Ród Baratheonów of Smocza Skała, as he was able to retreat with only 2,000 swords and a token fleet to Smocza Skała. The captured Stormlords and Reachmen bent the knee to King Joffrey. With the newly forged Tyrell alliance, the Lannisters now controlled the whole south and west, commanding overwhelming superiority of numbers in the field. The end of the war now seems close. Meanwhile most of the credit for the victory went to Tywin and the Tyrells, robbing Tyrion of his greatest achievement.

Odznaczenia i nagrody

King Joffrey and the Small Council granted the following honors and rewards to the participants and survivors of the battle:

Wysoko urodzeni zakładnicy


Ofiary

Siły sojuszu Lannister/Tyrell


Siły Stannisa


Okręty

Króla Joffreya


Króla Stannisa

Cytaty

Rozciągała się przed nim ściana rozżarzonej do czerwoności stali, płonącego drewna i buzującego, zielonego płomienia. Ujście Czarnego Nurtu stało się bramą piekieł.[10]

- myśl Davosa Seawortha

To był Lord Renly! Lord Renly w zielonej zbroi ze złotym porożem lśniącym w blasku ognia! Lord Renly ze swą długą włócznią w ręku! Powiadają, że własnoręcznie zabił ser Guyarda Morrigena i tuzin innych wielkich rycerzy. To był Renly, to był Renly, to był Renly! Och, chorągwie, kochana Sanso! Och, znowu być rycerzem![14]

Dontos Hollard do Sansy Stark

My hirelings betray me, my friends are scourged and shamed, and I lie here rotting. I thought I won the bloody battle. Is this what triumph tastes like?[15]

– myśl Tyriona Lannistera

Too many good men died that day.[16]

Tyrion Lannister do Kema


Przypisy

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