The Dorzecze is a central region of the continent of Westeros, consisting of the fertile areas between the forks of the Trident. Because of its central position in Westeros it has been a frequent battleground. The people of the Dorzecze are known as "rivermen" and are a mixture of hardy warriors, peaceful fisherfolk and devout smallfolk. Bastards born in the Dorzecze are given the surname Rivers.
For the last three centuries the Dorzecze have been ruled by Ród Tullych from their castle at Riverrun, until their defeat in the Wojna Pięciu Królów. Riverrun is now held by Ród Freyów of the Bliźniaki, although Petyr Baelish has been named Lord Paramount of the Trident and the liege lord of the Dorzecze with Harrenhal as his seat.
Dorzecze encompass a region of plains, forests, hills, and endless rivers. The lands extend as far north as the swamp area of Przesmyk, at the source of the Green Fork, east up to the Królewski Trakt, south to the Czarny Nurt, and west to Ironman's Bay and the hills of Krainy Zachodu. It seems that the Dorzecze only has easily defensible borders in Północ. Although there are mountains in the east and the west the mountains themselves seem to belong to the Dolina and the Krainy Zachodu respectively. In the west the heavily fortified castle Złoty Ząb guards the entrance to the Dorzecze but belongs itself to the Krainy Zachodu.
Dorzecze is named for the number of rivers which are present. The Green Fork that runs south from swamps in the Przesmyk, the Blue Fork and the Red Fork, that run from the north from the southwest, come together a short distance from Lord Harroway's Town to form the Trident. The Red Fork runs from its source in the western mountains to Riverrun where it combines with the Tumblestone and then runs to the east and combines with the Trident before pouring into the sea at Solanki. In the south the Czarny Nurt runs through a part of the Dorzecze.
Dorzecze does not contain any major cities but a number towns, such as Fairmarket, Lord Harroway's Town, Solanki, Staw Dziewic and Kamienny Sept. Its major castles are Riverrun, Harrenhal, Seagard, Kamienny Płot, and Bliźniaki. Additional noteworthy places in the Dorzecze are the old ruins at Oldstones, where in ancient times a Dorzecze dynasty used to have its castle, and the Lake God's Eye with the Isle of Faces in it.
Dorzecze are rich and fertile and populous. The numerous rivers that run across its expanse are used for trading and the transport of goods, In times of peace fisherfolk in skiffs and grain barges pole downstream and merchants on floating ships sail on the rivers. With so much trade on the rivers, villagers will haul their grain and other goods to it to see it sold and carried elsewhere by the merchants. Wine can be made from small, tart grapes grown in the Dorzecze. 
During the Dawn Age the Pierwsi Ludzie settled in the Dorzecze, coming into conflict with the native Dzieci Lasu. After centuries of fighting, a pact was signed at the Isle of Faces, the children withdrew to their forests, while the Pierwsi Ludzie raised their kingdoms in the lands ceded by the mysterious folk. Dorzecze saw the rise of the Kings of the Rivers and Hills.
During the thousand years that followed, various families ruled the Dorzecze. Many dynasties claimed these lands, including the Brackens, the Blackwoods and the Mudds, who were the last of the Pierwsi Ludzie to claim the Dorzecze as their own. Their time came to an end with the coming of the Andal Invasion. At this time, King Tristifer IV of House Mudd, raised his armies and met the Andal invaders. King Tristifer was said to have won 99 out of his 100 battles against the Andals; in the final battle he was killed. His son and successor, Tristifer V was not as successful as his father and the kingdom fell.
The Andals raised their own petty kingdoms and for a long time the Dorzecze were the kingdom of native Andal dynasties, including the Teagues, the Fishers and the Justmans. The last native king was killed by Stormland invaders about 360 years before Aegon's Landing. The Storm Kings in turn were defeated by Iron King Harwyn Hardhand, who established his own kingdom from the Żelazne Wyspy to the Dorzecze. Two generations later, Harwyn's grandson, Harren the Black, ordered the construction the immensive castle, Harrenhal, as a display of his wealth and power. Construction of Harrenhal took forty years and a huge amount of resources and money to build. Ironically, the same day the most immense castle in history was finished, Aegon I invaded Westeros with his smoks.
King Harren the Black was very unpopular within the Dorzecze when Aegon invaded Westeros. Aegon approached a number of lords in the region, convincing them to rebel against Harren, including Edmyn Tully. Harren thought if he refused battle Aegon would have to lay siege to the castle. Instead, Aegon let his smoks attack. The heat produced by the smoks was so great that much of the castle burned and melted, killing Harren and his children. After the victory Aegon raised Edmyn Tully to Lord Paramount of the Dorzecze, a sub-kingdom below the sovereignty of the Targaryens.
- Zobacz także: Rebelia Roberta
During Rebelia Roberta Hoster Tully, Lord Paramount of the Dorzecze, took the side of the rebels; he was already connected with them through the engagement of his daughter Catelyn to Brandon Stark. After Brandon's death, Hoster had Catelyn married to Brandon's younger brother Eddard and his younger daughter Lysa married to Jon Arryn. A number of Lord Tully's vassals remained loyal to the Targaryens: Darry, Ryger, and Goodbrook. Lord Walder Frey arrived late to the Battle of the Ruby Ford in support of the rebels.
The Bitwa nad Tridentem, which ultimately determined the outcome of Rebelia Roberta, was fought in the Dorzecze.
Wojna Pięciu Królów
- Główny artykuł: Wojna Pięciu Królów
Dorzecze were hit hard during the war, starting with raiders under the command of Ser Gregor Clegane. When a party commanded by Beric Dondarrion went to the Dorzecze to find and kill them they were ambushed by the raiders, who resumed their killing and plundering.
A second phase set in as Jaime Lannister defeated a Riverland army under the command of Edmure Tully and besieged Riverrun. Because it was surrounded by the Tumblestone and the Red Fork, Lannister had to set up three camps to lay an effective siege. A northern army under Robb Stark moved nearby undetected and was able to defeat the different camps in turn, liberating Edmure Tully and taking Jaime Lannister prisoner.
Another Lannister army was still in the Dorzecze south of the Red Fork and was able to kill and plunder at will. Some castles were conquered (Harrenhal), others were sacked (Darry). In revenge the army of Robb Stark invaded the Krainy Zachodu.
After the Krwawe Gody the Riverland lords surrendered. Most were welcomed again into the king's peace, but the Tullys lost Riverrun to the Freys and the lordship over the Dorzecze to Petyr Baelish. Even thought the war had ended, outlaw bands and broken men still roam the Dorzecze, some officially fighting in the name of King Robert, but most killing at will.
References and Sources
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