Feudalizm

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Needs to be rewritten to reflect ASOIAF world, see Concordance and fr:Société féodale des Sept Couronnes for reference.

Feudalism is the code name used in this article to describe the society structure of the Siedem Królestw, as it is largely resembles real life Feudal system of medieval Europe.

Feudalism was introduced to Westeros by the Andalowie traditions and is practised within the borders of the Siedem Królestw. This society is based on a rigid social structure and government consisted of kings, lords, and the peasants. Nobles rule over the smallfolk within their territory through a system of fealty and sworn oaths, in this system each man owes military service to his lord in return for protection, a grant of land, and the peasants to work it.

Social hierarchy

The feudal system has rigid structure of social classes. Those who born Commoners can expect to die as a Commoners. There are no provision for the advancement of individuals from a lower class into the higher classes. This is not to say that it is impossible, only that it is very difficult, usually bestowed by lords to those who have done a great service to them, or Rycerzs bestow the rank and title Rycerzhood on any individual who proved himself worthy.

King

The king, in our case the King on the Żelazny Tron, is at the top of the pyramid, beneath him are the various lords and Rycerzs and peasants at the bottom. The king, Sits on the Żelazny Tron, he claimes ownership of the land, has the final authority and hold the ultimate power in all matters. Although in practice, the king is constrained by political realities, and while no individual command is likely to be countermanded, he could still lose his position to intrigue if he were to offend the wrong people. Of course, as kings do not retire, this loss of position would also involve his death.

The kings in turn have Vassals, the high Lords of great houses. These high Lords control the major regions of the Siedem Królestw, and in turn employ Vassals of their own; even these lords might have vassal lords sworn to them. This system terminates with the lowest level subordinate Rycerzs or minor land owners.


Nobility

Główny artykuł: Lord

In GRRM world there are only lords, some bigger and some smaller, some sworn to others, but still all with the same title - save for the Lords of Słoneczna Włócznia, who still hold the title of "Prince." Nobility is a hereditary title, that it is expressed through the bonds of vassalage which connect between them the various owners of strongholds. Each lords have vassals, the vassals have vassals, and sometimes the vassals of the vassals have vassals, down to the guy who can raise five friends.

With the lord of the great house, at the top, holding dominion over one of the nine regions of the seven kingdoms, second only to the king and petty lords at the bottom, that entrusted with only a few villages. It is the Lord responsibility to see to the affairs of their lands, keep the Kings peace, judge, collect taxes due to the King are collected in a timely manner.

  • Steward, The man responsible for running the day-to-day affairs of the castle and acting on the lords behalf and maybe entrusted with the castle in his absence.

Rycerzs

Główny artykuł: Rycerz

Rycerzs are the lowest rank of the nobility, this class is made of Landed Rycerz, who have been given a keep and grant of land to administer. They have their own peasants and men-at-arms, and may even take sworn swords. Landed Rycerzs are sworn to fight for the lord who holds dominion over their land. While the wealthiest Rycerzs manage more land than the poorest lords, landed Rycerzs do not have the authority to deliver justice in their land. Rather, they must appeal to their liege lord.[1]

Commoners

Commoners or Smallfolk are the bottom of the social structure. They dont own lands or titles, they work the land of their lords and dont have a say in their governing. Which may seem as Niewolnikry and yet they own themself and recognized as having a right to fair and just treatment by the nobility and society in general. Most Houses has laws protecting the local population from abuse or mistreatment, even by members of the nobility. However those laws practiced and enforced to various defrees, mostly depending on the disposition of the local lord.

Many of the tradesmen and craftsmen belong to guilds (notably the alchemists).

Social mobility, odds are that if you are born a commoner you'll never be able to raise above your status, however there plenty examples of people who done just so, Varys was common born slave and rose to be the spymaster of the Siedem Królestw, Petyr Baelish born a minor noble, almost a commoner, yet he was able to rise

Terms

  • Wardens exercise military functions and are nominated for each of the borders in the Siedem Królestw.
  • Liege, primary lord of a vassal who holds by military tenure. The liege lord and vassal each have responsibilities to one another; the vassal must remain loyal to the liege lord above any other lords, while the liege is the vassal's principal protector.
  • Vassal, A person granted the use of land, in return for rendering homage, fealty, and usually military service or its equivalent to a lord or other superior. They are frequently referred to as "bannermen'.




See also

Reference and Notes

  1. Heavily based on Real life, medieval Feudal system, Rycerzhood and Customs entry at the Concordance.
  1. So speak martin: Rycerzs and lords, March 02, 2002 [1]
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