Niewolnictwo

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Slavery is a condition in which individuals are owned by others, who control where they live and at what they work. They are treated as property and are bought and sold, sometimes many times throughout their lives, be it long or short. There is no slavery in Westeros however it is widespread throughout many parts of Essos.

Slavery is mentioned in the earlier novels but it is given more prominence in Nawałnica Mieczy and later becomes a main plot consideration in Taniec ze Smokami.

Westeros

Slavery is abhorred and strictly forbidden on the Westerosi mainland. It is likely due to the Wiara w Siedmiu, which was brought by the Andal Invaders 6,000 years ago, that it is so. The faith is the dominant religion in the Siedem Królestw and it forbids the practice of slavery.[1]

Nevertheless Dzicy still keep thralls beyond the Mur and the Żelaźni Ludzie also keep thralls and salt wives. Neither are slaves in the literal sense, but suffer lack of liberty and low status, and are not too far removed from enslavement. However the thought of selling captives in Lys for coin leaves a foul taste in even Victarion Greyjoy’s mouth: {{Quote|Taking a man as a thrall or woman as a salt wife, that was right and proper, but men were not goats or fowl to be bought and sold for gold.[2]

However the illegal practice does take place in Westeros sometimes. In Północ Ser Jorah Mormont sold a few poachers to some Tyroshii slavers and had to flee to the Wolne Miasta when his crime was discovered by Eddard Stark, who had to condemn him to death for his crime. It is also said that Cersei Lannister had the mother of Robert Baratheon's bastard twins sold to a passing slaver, presumably because she couldn't bear such an affront to her pride that close to home.[3]

Aristan Whitebeard puts it thusly to Daenerys Targaryen when she is contemplating whether or not to purchase Nieskalani:

There have been no slaves in the Siedem Królestw for thousands of years. The Starzy Bogowie and the new alike hold slavery to be an abomination. Evil. If you should land in Westeros at the head of a slave army, many good men will oppose you for no other reason than that. You will do great harm to your cause, and to the honour of your House.

According to some, the Prostaczkowie of Westeros does not live too differently from slaves. It is certainly apparent that their rulers often give them little more consideration that they would give true slaves.

Essos

Wolne Miasta

In the Wolne Miasta, well spoken and gently born slaves are prized. They will become tutors, scribes, bed slaves, and even healers and priests.[4]

  • In Pentos, slavery is forbidden by law, as part of the terms imposed by the Bravosi on Pentos a hundred years ago. However, in a city where wealth equals power, many rich magisters can flaunt such laws and bronze-collared slaves are common on their estates.[5] One such case is Illyrio Mopatis, who has a finger in the slave trade, and maybe a whole hand.
  • Lys has a high slave population. Slaves are used for labor too harsh for Lysene hands, trained to act as guards and soldiers, and even posed for various performances.[4] As such, most slave ships bring their cargoes to Lys first, allowing the wealthiest patrons to buy the cream of their crops. This practice creates a vibrant, active market in the slave trade, which is one of the greatest sources of Lys income.[6] Lys is well known for its pleasure houses, training slaves in the arts of love and selling them as concubines and bed-slaves.
  • in Volantis, due to the relative proximity to Zatoka Niewolnicza, there is a thriving slave market.[4] There are five slaves for every free man. Slaves are always tattooed on the face, which prevents escaping on the constant flow of ships. Such tattoos are often designed to reveal the slaves role. A fool might be patterned in tattooed motley from neck to scalp.[7]
  • Braavosi are the exception, descended from escaped slaves, they do not permit slavery and they do not trade with Zatoka Niewolnicza.
  • Qohor's city guard is comprised solely of Nieskalani eunuch slave soldiers. However, much like in Pentos, slaves can be bought by powerful men who can flaunt the laws.[8]
  • Myr is a hub of trade in slaves.
  • Tyroshi traders deal extensively in slaves

Valyria

Valyriańskie Włości made an extensive use of slaves, thousands of slaves from across the continent toiled, burned, and died to find gold and silver in the blisteringly hot mines underneath Fourteen Flames.[9] Slave revolts were common in the mines, but the Valyrians were strong in sorcery and able to put them down.[9] When there was war, the Valyrians took thousands of slaves, and when there was peace they bred them.[9]

It's said the first Faceless Man existed in Valyria. There he brought death to the slaves who lived horrid lives toiling in the heat of the Fourteen Flames, praying for an end. He came to realize that the many gods they prayed to were one god, and that he was an instrument of the gods.[9]

Zatoka Niewolnicza

Yunkai, Meereen, and Astapor are the great slaver cities of Zatoka Niewolnicza. For centuries, until the coming of Daenerys Targaryen, they had been the linchpins of the slave trade, the place where Dothrakowie khals and the corsairs of the Wyspy Bazyliszkowe sold their captives and the rest of the world came to buy.

Yunkai is known for training bed slaves not warriors. A bed slave in Yunkai learns the way of the seven sighs and the sixteen seats of pleasure.[10]

Nieskalani, eunuch slave soldiers, are made in Astapor. The Nieskalani learn the way of the three spears.[10]

Dothrakowie

The Dothrakowie make slaves by enslaving conquered peoples and selling them, often to the Ghiscari who train them. Dothrakowie keep slaves from many lands, notably in Vaes Dothrak, which was built by slaves, where they serve the dosh khaleen. Dothrakowie also sell their own kind, when khalasar meet khalasar in the sea of grass the defeated Dothrakowie are enslaved.

Qarth

The Qartheen trade in slaves.


Notable former slaves

Melisandre, free status is questionable: unclear if she is a Niewolnik of R'hllor/free/gone rogue/escaped.

Recent Events

Gra o Tron

When talking to Jon Snow Tyrion Lannister reflects that had he been born a peasant he may have been sold to some slaver's grotesquerie on account of his dwarfism. Before her smoks are born Daenerys Targaryen frees the slaves of what is left to her of Drogo's khalasar.

Starcie Królów

In the Dom Nieśmiertelnych Daenerys Targaryen sees a vision of ten thousand slaves lifting bloodstained hands as she races by on her silver, riding like the wind.

Nawałnica Mieczy

Daenerys Targaryen frees slaves and fills the ranks of her army with the slaves she freed, people who are completely loyal to her and who have no aspirations beyond protecting their freedom.

Taniec ze Smokami

Tyrion Lannister, Grosik and Ser Jorah Mormont are enslaved and become the property of Yezzan zo Qaggaz. Slavers take some of the Dzicy at Hardhome.

Quotes

No man wants to be owned

- Daenerys Targaryen

References and Notes

  1. Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 23, Daenerys II.
  2. Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 56, Żelazny Zalotnik.
  3. Gra o Tron, Rozdział 35, Eddard IX.
  4. 4,0 4,1 4,2 Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 71, Daenerys VI.
  5. Gra o Tron, Rozdział 3, Daenerys I.
  6. RPG book, Campaign Guide
  7. Starcie Królów, Wystąpił błąd w drugim parametrze.
  8. Starcie Królów, Rozdział 63, Daenerys V.
  9. 9,0 9,1 9,2 9,3 Uczta dla Wron, Rozdział 22, Arya II.
  10. 10,0 10,1 Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 42, Daenerys IV.
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