Ród Martellów

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House Nymeros Martell of Słoneczna Włócznia
Profile sigil Martell.jpg
Herb Orange, a sun in splendour gules pierced bendwise by a spear or
Zawolanie Unbowed, Unbent, Unbroken
Siedziba Słoneczna Włócznia
Obecny Władca Prince Doran Martell
Region Dorne
Tytuł Lord of Słoneczna Włócznia
Prince of Dorne
Spadkobierca Arianne Martell
Suzeren Ród Baratheonów z Królewskiej Przystani
Założyciel Mors Martell & Nymeria of the Rhoynarowie
Założony 1000 years ago

House Nymeros Martell of Słoneczna Włócznia is one of the Great Houses of Westeros and the ruling house of Dorne. 'Nymeros' indicates "of the line of Nymeria," but generally it is simply called Ród Martellów. The Martells of old used a spear as their emblem, while Nymeria and the Rhoynarowie used the sun as theirs. These were combined when Nymeria wed King Mors Martell into a gold spear piercing a red sun on an orange field. Their words are, "Unbowed, Unbent, Unbroken."[1] In appearance they are classic salty Dornishmen, with dark eyes, dark hair in ringlets, and olive skin.

History

Background

Ród Martellów's founding is unknown, except that they were one of the ruling families of Dorne which, since the Andal Invasion had been a collection of feuding petty kingdoms even as the other regions of Westeros began to consolidate into larger realms. When the warrior queen of the Rhoynarowie of the eastern continent, Nymeria, came with her people to Westeros, she took one of the strongest of the Dornishmen as her husband: King Mors Martell. Combining their strength, the two managed to unite all of Dorne under their rule; House Nymeros Martell has reigned since.

The union of their peoples saw the Martells abandon many of their older Andalowie customs in favor of those of the Rhoynar. Specifically, they began to call their rulers "princes" instead of kings, and their lands and title passed down to the eldest child regardless of gender.

As Aegon the Conqueror waged his Wars of Conquest, he eventually came to Dorne. Here his army was bled dry by guerrilla warfare in the desert, a situation in which his Smok were of little use. Deciding that conquering Dorne would be too costly, the Conqueror opted to leave the Martells as sovereign princes. Ród Martellów kept Dorne independent from the Targaryens for two centuries, the only one of the Siedem Królestw to manage such a feat. After repeated failed attempts at conquest (most notably under Daeron I Targaryen), Dorne eventually joined the fold through marriage between the two houses. The alliance was a dual one, with the future King Daeron I Targaryen marrying Princess Myriah Martell and Prince Maron Martell later marrying Daeron's sister Daenerys.[2] [3]

During Daeron I Targaryen's reign, the Czerwona Twierdza assumed a decidedly Dornish flavor due to the influence of his Martell wife. This was one reason that many nobles opted to rise against his rule. The Martells thus defended his claim against Daemon Blackfyre. After their victory, Maron and Daenerys fulfilled their betrothal, formally bringing Dorne into the Siedem Królestw. Since then, the Martells have ruled Dorne in the name of the King on the Żelazny Tron, while keeping the title of Prince of Dorne.

Prior to Gra o Tron

Prince Doran is the ruler of Dorne, a thoughtful man who has terrible gout. He was nine years older than Elia and ten years older than Oberyn. Two other younger brothers died in infancy, Mors and Olyvar.

Oberyn is feisty, a father of many bastard daughters nicknamed the Sand Snakes. He has nurtured a deep hatred of the Lannisters since they were young, though Oberyn tells Tyrion that their mothers had been friends at court as girls. When Oberyn and Elia were 15 and 16, they travelled together from Dorne to Casterly Rock, meeting potential suitors and marriage alliances, culminating in a visit to Joanna Lannister to fulfill their mother's wishes that their children would marry. When they arrived, Joanna had just died giving birth to Tyrion and Lord Tywin slights them shamefully, ignoring them for a few weeks before offering Elia the dwarf baby Tyrion, a further slight. It is unclear whether they are told Cersei is meant for Rhaegar or if they happen onto the one thing that would make Tywin the most angry, but in another Martell-Targaryen marriage alliance, Princess Elia Martell was wed to Rhaegar Targaryen, Prince of Smocza Skała, a slight to Tywin who had hoped to marry Cersei to Rhaegar.

Childbirth is hard on Elia, their first two children leave her very weak. When Rhaegar won the Turniej w Harrenhal, he named Lyanna Stark the queen of love and beauty, not Elia. A year later he runs off with Lyanna, sparking Rebelia Roberta. The Martells were unhappy with Rhaegar's betrayal of Elia, still, they supported Aerys II Targaryen's bid to retain the throne since the Mad King held Elia and her children hostage in the Czerwona Twierdza, providing a quarter of the royal troops at the Bitwa nad Tridentem. The Martells lost many soldiers there, including Prince Lewyn Martell of the Gwardia Królewska. When King' Landing fell, Princess Elia and her children were brutally murdered during the Zdobycie Królewskiej Przystani by two Lannister Rycerzs, Gregor Clegane and Amory Lorch. Prince Oberyn Martell made motions to continue the war in "King Viserys III's" name, but Prince Doran and Jon Arryn's diplomacy prevented further conflict. Though Ród Martellów swore fealty to King Robert Baratheon after the war, they have harbored anger and resentment towards the Lannisters ever since (now even higher in power due to Cersei's queenhood) and have adopted a mostly isolationist policy ever since, not mixing with the other great houses unless totally necessary, preferring to deal with the Wolne Miasta.

More Recent Events

On the outset of the Wojna Pięciu Królów, Ród Martellów stayed neutral in the conflict. They grudgingly allied with the Lannisters when Tyrion, acting as Namiestnik Króla in his father's stead, promised the betrothal of Prince Trystane Martell to Princess Myrcella, a Dornish seat on the Mała Rada, some castles in the marches, and the head of Ser Gregor Clegane, the one who raped and killed Prince Doran's sister Princess Elia. Prince Oberyn came to Królewska Przystań to claim Doran's seat on the council and to press for Ser Gregor’s head, when it became clear that Lord Tywin Lannister, now Hand in his own right, meant to forego Tyrion's promise. When Cersei accuses Tyrion of poisioning Joffery, Oberyn sees a chance to kill Clegane, by championing Tyrion's cause when Cersei names Ser Gregor her champion. In the trial by combat against Clegane, Oberyn taunts Gregor, repeating the names of his family who died at his hands. he wounds Clegane with his poisoned speartip, but is killed himself in the process.

Meanwhile, Princess Arianne Martell, convinced that her father Prince Doran was a man of inaction, who wished to elevate her younger brother to rule Dorne, enacted a plot to crown Princess Myrcella as Queen of Westeros. This failed due to a traitor in her conspiracy. Myrcella is disfigured in the process. Doran confides that he hoped Quentyn would rule Dorne whilst Arianne would become Queen, she had secretly been promised to the now-dead Viserys Targaryen in an effort to undermine those who lead to Elia's death. His new plan is to have her brother Prince Quentyn travel across the Wąskie Morze to meet Viserys's sister Daenerys and wed her instead. Doran reveals that Cersei was plotting with Balon to have Doran murdered and to frame the Imp, whilst en route to Królewska Przystań with Trystane and Myrcella.

Meanwhile the Martells must deal with issues at home and in the capitol. Doran convinces Arianne to work with him, they enlist Oberyn's bastard daughters to help: Obara Sand guides the investigating Gwardia Królewska Ser Balon Swann to hunt Gerold Dayne who was part of Arianne's party to crown Myrcella. Nymeria Sand takes up the Dornish seat on the Mała Rada, while Tyene Sand follows her to Królewska Przystań disguised as a septa, with the hopes of befriending the Wielki Wróbel. It seems likely that Sarella is in Stare Miasto, disguised as a boy training to become a maester of the citadel.

Members

House genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Księżniczka Dorne
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lewyn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Doran
 
Mellario
 
Mors
 
Elia
 
Rhaegar Targaryen
 
Olyvar
 
Różne kobiety
 
Oberyn "the Red Viper"
 
Ellaria Sand
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arianne Quentyn Trystane
 
Rhaenys Targaryen Aegon Targaryen
 
Obara Sand Nymeria Sand Tyene Sand Sarella Sand
 
Elia Sand Obella Sand Dorea Sand Loreza Sand
 


The Martell House at the end of the third century

With unspecified familiar relationship to the main branch there is also:

  • Ser Manfrey Martell, castellan of Słoneczna Włócznia. He is a cousin of Doran Martell.[4]; it is not stated of which degree.

Historic members

Household

Houses sworn to Ród Martellów

House Yronwood is accounted the most powerful of the bannerhouses sworn to Ród Martellów. The Lord is titled Warden of Stone Way and The Bloodroyal.




References and Notes

  1. Starcie Królów, Dodatek.
  2. Gra o Tron, Dodatek.
  3. So Spake Martin:Targaryen History (April 20, 2008)
  4. Uczta dla Wron, Rozdział 13, Zbrukany Rycerz.

Ta strona zawiera treści z angielskiej Wikipedii. Pierwotna treść była w Ród Martellów. Lista autorów jest dostępna w historii strony of Ród Martellów. Podobnie jak w Wiki Westeros, zawartość Wikipedia dostępna jest pod GNU Free Documentation License.

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