Rebelia Roberta

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Rebelia Roberta
Wojna Uzurpatora
Roberts Rebellion.jpg
Data 282AC-283AC
Miejsce Westeros
Bitwy Bitwa o Gulltown
Bitwa o Summerhall
Bitwa o Ashford
Bitwa Dzwonów
Bitwa nad Tridentem
Bitwa nad Manderem
Zdobycie Królewskiej Przystani
Oblężenie Końca Burzy
Wieża Radości
Atak na Smoczą Skałę
Rezultat Zdecydowane zwycięstwo rebeliantów;
Ród Baratheonó staje się linią królewską
Zaangażowane strony
Rebelianci
Ród Baratheonów
Ród Starków
Ród Arrynów
Ród Tullych
Ród Greyjoyów (poźna wojna)
Ród Lannisterów (poźna wojna)
Rojaliści
Ród Targaryenów
Ród Tyrellów
Ród Martellów
Ród Darrych
Ród Rygerów
Ród Mootonów
Ród Goodbrooków
Ród Conningtonów (zmienia stronę)
Ród Cafferenów (zmienia stronę)
Ród Fellów (zmienia stronę)
Ród Grandisonów (zmienia stronę)
Ród Graftonów (zmienia stronę)
Dowódcy
Gulltown
Jon Arryn

Summerhall

Robert Baratheon

Ashford

Robert Baratheon

Koniec Burzy

Stannis Baratheon
Eddard Stark (późne oblężenie)

Dzwony

Eddard Stark
Robert Baratheon
Jon Arryn
Hoster Tully

Trident

Robert Baratheon
Jon Arryn
Eddard Stark
Hoster Tully

Mander

Quellon Greyjoy

Królewska Przystań

Tywin Lannister
Jaime Lannister
(zmienia stronę)

Wieża Radości

Eddard Stark

Smocza Skałą

Stannis Baratheon
Gulltown
Marq Grafton

Summerhall

Lord Fell
Lord Cafferen
Lord Grandison

Ashford

Randyll Tarly

Konec Burzy

Mace Tyrell
Paxter Redwyne

Dzwony

Jon Connington

Trident

Rhaegar Targaryen
Barristan Selmy
Lewyn Martell
Jonothor Darry

Królewska Przystań

Aerys II Targaryen
Owen Merryweather
Jon Connington
Qarlton Chelsted
Rossart
Jaime Lannister

Wieża Radości

Gerold Hightower


Rebelia Roberta, znana także jako Wojna Uzurpatora,[1] była rebelią przeciwko Rodowi Targeryenów, prowadzoną głównie przez Eddarda Starka, Jona Arryna i Roberta Baratheona, od którego wzięła nazwę. Trwała ona "blisko rok"[2] i zakończyła się końcem dynasti Targaryenów w Siedmiu Królestwach i rozpoczęciem rządów Roberta Baratheona.

Podłoże

Turniej Harrenhal

W 281AC Lord Walter Whent zorhanizował w Harrenhal wielki turniej.[3] Wilu szlachciców z całych Siedmiu Królestw przybyło do Dorzecza by wziąć udział w festiwalach. Wsród nich był dziedzic Winterfell, Brandon Stark i jego młodsze rodzeństwa Eddard, Lyanna i Benjen.[4]

The most prominent visitor of the tourney was King Aerys II Targaryen, however. Aerys had not left the Czerwona Twierdza for many years, ever since his half-year capture during the Defiance of Duskendale, but was inspired to come to the tourney by words from his master of whisperers, the eunuch Varys.[5]

The tourney was cause for great celebration, as spring had come to Westeros, or so men thought.[6] In addition, all of the White Swords had gathered to welcome their newest member, Ser Jaime Lannister. However, the tourney's ending was less joyful. After winning the final tilt, Crown Prince Rhaegar Targaryen was to crown the new queen of love and beauty. Instead of crowning his wife, the Dornish princess Elia Martell, Rhaegar rode past her and crowned Lyanna Stark of Winterfell instead. Eddard Stark would later recall this moment as "the moment when all smiles died".[3]

Porwanie Lyanny Stark

An unknown amount of time later, Lyanna Stark was seemingly abducted by Prince Rhaegar Targaryen. Her brother, Brandon Stark, was on his way to Riverrun to wed Catelyn Tully, when the news reached him. Brandon rode at once to Królewska Przystań with his companions, Ethan Glover, who was Brandon's squire, Elbert Arryn, nephew to Lord Jon Arryn and the heir of the Dolina Arrynów, Kyle Royce, and Jeffory Mallister.[7] Brandon rode for the Czerwona Twierdza, and outside its gates, not knowing that Rhaegar was not present, shouted for Rhaegar to come out and die. This lead to King Aerys II Targaryen to arrest Brandon and his companions on the charge of plotting the murder on the crown prince.[7]

Aerys summoned the fathers of those who stood accused to court. All of them, and their sons, were killed, with only Ethan Glover as survivor. Lord Rickard Stark arrived with two hundred of his best men, yet none of them would ever return north. Rickard demanded a trial by battle, a request that the king granted him. Aerys declared fire to be the champion of Ród Targaryenów, and had Rickard, who had dressed in his armor, suspended from the rafters in the throne room. Next, the king had his pyromancers, Rossart amongst them, kindle a blaze beneath the Lord of Winterfell.[7]

Brandon Stark was brought in as well, and placed in a Tyroshi strangling device. A longsword placed just outside of his reach, Brandon strangled himself in an attempt to reach the sword and save his father, while Lord Rickard cooked in his armor.[7]

Next, Aerys called for the heads of Lord Robert Baratheon of Koniec Burzy, Lyanna's betrothed,[8] and Eddard Stark, now the Lord of Winterfell, after the deaths of his father and older brother. Robert and Eddard were in the Eyrie, however, and Jon Arryn refused to oblige. Instead, he raised his banners in revolt.[9] This act is seen as the start of the war, which would last "close to a year".[2]

Rebelia

Przeglą wojny: 1 Summerhall, 2 Ashford, 3 Bitwa Dzwonów, 4 The Trident, 5 Królewska Przystań, 6 Koniec Burzy. The colors represent faction amies: Baratheon. Stark. Tyrell. Lannister. Targaryen.

Bitwa o Gulltown

Główny artykuł: Bitwa o Gulltown (Rebelia Roberta)

The fighting of the rebellion began in the Dolina Arrynów. Though Jon Arryn called for all his banners, not all of his bannermen sided with him. There were those who sided with the king, chief among them Marq Grafton. Grafton called the other loyalists to aid him in barring the rebels from entering the port of Gulltown.[10] With the port blocked, Eddard Stark decided to make his own way back to the Północ by crossing the Mountains of the Moon to the Fingers, where he would need to find a fisherman to carry him across the Bite.[10] Once north, Eddard could call his banners.

Gulltown's defenses eventually fell after an unknown amount of time, with Robert Baratheon slaying Marq Grafton in the taking of Gulltown.[10] Robert then departed for Koniec Burzy to call his banners as well.[2]

Bitwa o Summerhall

Główny artykuł: Bitwa o Summerhall

Just as not all the lords in the Vale had sided with Jon Arryn, not all the lords in the Krainy Burzy sided with Robert Baratheon. The first major battle in the stormlands took place at Summerhall.[11] There were three battles at Summerhall (1 on the map), all fought on one day. Lords Grandison, Cafferen, and Fell planned to join their hosts at Summerhall and march on Storm’s End, but Robert Baratheon had learned of their plans and struck first, attacking each army individually as they arrived. Lord Fell died in the battle and Robert's forces captured his son, Silveraxe.

After this battle, Robert returned to Koniec Burzy for unknown reasons.[12] There, Robert turned his enemies into friends, as he managed to get Lords Grandison and Cafferen, both loyalist commanders, over to the rebel side, as well as Silveraxe.

Bitwa o Ashford

Główny artykuł: Bitwa o Ashford

The next main battle that was fought was the Battle of Ashford (2 on the map). It was an indecisive victory for loyalist forces when Lord Randyll Tarly's van smashed Robert’s forces before the bulk of Lord Mace Tyrell’s main force could be brought to bear. Lord Cafferen, who had switched to the rebel side, was cut down by Randyll Tarly. Lord Tarly sent Lord Cafferen’s head to King Aerys II. By all indications, the battle was indecisive, but Mace likes to remember it as his one great victory over Robert despite his lack of involvement. Robert Baratheon managed to escape capture, in the end.

After the Battle of Ashford, Mace Tyrell marched on Koniec Burzy, and laid siege to the castle. This siege would last "close to a year".

Bitwa Dzwonów

Główny artykuł: Bitwa Dzwonów

In the meantime, Eddard Stark had reached Winterfell and called his banners, and had marched to the south. Hoster Tully, the lord of Riverrun, had also joined the rebellion, on the side of the rebels, an allegiance secured by the betrothal between Eddard and Catelyn Tully, to replace the match between Brandon Stark and Catelyn, which fell through when Brandon had been killed a few short days before he was to wed Catelyn.

King Aerys, due to the events in the Krainy Burzy, came to believe that his Namiestnik Króla, Owen Merryweather, was ineffectual. The king was even considering that Merryweather might have been so ineffectual as to possibly aiding the rebellion.[13] In result, Owen was stripped of his lands and titles, and exiled.[14] Lord Jon Connington, a friend of Rhaegar's with a reputation of a warrior, was named as Hand in Owen's stead.[13]

Jon Connington personally led an army into the field. He was at Robert's heels, when they arrived at the Stoney Sept,[15] which would become the site of the Battle of the Bells (3 on the map), the first major battle known to have taken place in 283AC. Robert was wounded and hiding in Stoney Sept, when Jon took the town by force and began searching from house to house. Before Jon could find Robert, however, the forces of Eddard Stark and Hoster Tully swept into the town. Jon and his loyalist army fought back fiercely. Jon managed to wound Hoster and killed Lord Jon Arryn's cousin and last heir, Denys Arryn. At the same time, the two armies were battling all around them in the streets and in the alleys, even on some of the rooftops. At a certain point, Robert Baratheon came out of hiding and led a counterattack. When Connington saw the battle was lost, he retreated in good order.

After the battle was done, King Aerys realized that Robert was not some outlaw lord, but rather the greatest threat to his dynasty since Daemon I Blackfyre. Jon Connington was exiled for his failure and stripped of lands and titles. To replace Connington, Lord Qarlton Chelsted was named Hand. It was after the Battle of the Bells that Aerys ordered his pyromancers to place caches of Dziki ogień throughout King’s Landing, even within the Red Keep itself.[16]

With the death of Denys Arryn, Hoster Tully managed to make a marriage match between his younger daughter, Lysa, and Jon Arryn, who needed an heir, and thus a wife known to be fertile.[17][9] Hoster saw both his daughters wed during a double ceremony.[8] Amongst those present at the wedding was Robert Baratheon.[18]

However, like in the Vale, not all the Tully bannermen joined the rebel cause. Houses Ryger,[19] Darry, Goodbrook and Mooton took the side of the Targaryens in the war, and Ród Freyów remained neutral until the situation became clearer.[19][20][21]

After the Battle of the Bells had been fought, Barristan Selmy and Jon Darry of the Kingsguard were sent into the riverlands to retrieve the remnants of Connington's army, while the Lord Dowódca Gwardii Królewskiej, Ser Gerold Hightower, was send by King Aerys to find Rhaegar.[22] Rhaegar eventually returned, and managed to convince his father to ask Lord Tywin Lannister for help. From Casterly Rock the only reply was silence.[16]

Aerys's most recent Hand, Qarlton Chelsted, had become suspicious of the pyromancers who visited the king day and night. When he uncovered Aerys's wildfire plot, he tried to bring the king to other thoughts, but nothing he tried would work. In the end, he choose to resign as Hand, which caused Aerys to burn him alive. Aerys's favorite pyromancer, Rossart, was named Hand of the King in Chelsted's stead.[16]

Bitwa nad Tridentem

Główny artykuł: Bitwa nad Tridentem
The Battle of the Trident as depicted by Justin Sweet in Świat Lodu i Ognia.

Eventually, both loyalist and rebel forces gathered for the decisive battle in 283AC: the Battle of the Trident (4 on the map).[23] During the battle, Prince Rhaegar and Robert met in single combat on a ford of the Trident, while the battle crashed around them.[8] Robert slew Rhaegar with a blow to the chest from his warhammer so powerful that it smashed the rubies right from the armor. After Rhaegar fell, the Targaryen host broke and ran, and the victory went to the rebels. The site has since been known as the ruby ford.

Amongst the dead on the side of the royalists were two of the three Kingsguard who had been present for the battle, Prince Lewyn Martell and Ser Jonothor Darry. Ser Barristan Selmy, also present, had been severely wounded.

It was not until the end of the war, around the time the Bitwa nad Tridentem was being fought, that Robert Baratheon proclaimed his intention to claim the throne.[24] To justify Robert's claim, the maesters would later use his bloodties to Ród Targaryenów.[25] Robert's grandmother, Rhaelle Targaryen, had been the daughter of King Aegon V Targaryen,[26] giving him the best claim to the throne outside of Aerys, his children and grandchildren.

Having been severely wounded by Rhaegar during the battle, Robert gave the command of pursuit to his friend, Eddard Stark, hoping to besiege King's Landing, which was believed to have been held by several thousand men.[2] With the war all but won, House Frey declared for the rebels. Walder Frey's slow response in the rebellion would cause Lord Hoster Tully to name him "the late Lord Frey" ever since.[19]

Bitwa nad Manderem

Główny artykuł: Bitwa nad Manderem

Quellon Greyjoy, Lord of the Żelazne Wyspy, desired neutrality for the ironmen during the war. After Pyke was informed of Rhaegar's death, however, Quellon was convinced by his eldest sons—Balon, Euron, and Victarion—to join the rebels as soon as possible or else lose all chance at spoils. Since the intentions of Ród Lannisterów of Casterly Rock were as yet unknown, most of the ironmen's fleet remained at home. Quellon led fifty longships in attacking the Reach.

The Greyjoys captured some ships and and raided some towns and villages. The Greyjoys were intercepted by the longships of the Shield Islands, however, at the mouth of the Mander. After Lord Quellon was slain in the battle at the Mander, his heir, Balon, led the remaining ironmen back to the Iron Islands, having accomplished little.[27]

Zdobycie Królewskiej Przystani

Główny artykuł: Zdobycie Królewskiej Przystani

The Sack of King’s Landing (5 on the map) in 283AC[28] was the last major battle of the war. Lord Tywin Lannister, who had remained neutral during the entire war, had finally stirred from Casterly Rock, suddenly appearing, shortly after the Battle of the Trident, in front of the gates of King's Landing, claiming loyalty to Aerys and asking to be let in. Aerys favored the advice of Grand Maester Pycelle over that of his spymaster Varys and opened the gates of the city. This proved Aerys's undoing, as the Lannister forces began to sack the city in Robert's name. Realizing all was lost, Aerys ordered his last Hand, the pyromancer Rossart, to ignite the wildfire caches throughout the city, saying,

The traitors want my city, but I’ll give them naught but ashes. Let Robert be king over charred bones and cooked meat.[16]

Aerys then ordered Jaime Lannister, the last of his Gwardia Królewska present in the city, and Tywin's own son, to kill his father. Instead, Jaime slew Lord Rossart and then murdered Aerys himself in the throne room. Meanwhile, Ser Gregor Clegane and Ser Amory Lorch had entered Maegor's Holdfast to deal with the rest of the royal family, to secure the throne for Robert, and to prove that Ród Lannisterów had forsaken the Targaryens forever. Gregor killed Prince Aegon Targaryen, Rhaegar's son and heir in front of the babe's mother, Princess Elia Martell, and then raped and murdered Elia herself with Aegon's blood and brains still on his hands. Amory dragged Princess Rhaenys Targaryen from under her father's bed and killed her, stabbing her half a hundred times. When Eddard Stark arrived shortly thereafter, he found Jaime seated on the Iron Throne and Aerys's corpse slumped below it.

When Robert Baratheon finally arrived in the city, Tywin Lannister presented the bodies of Elia, Aegon and Rhaenys as tokens of his fealty. Robert was pleased with the deaths of Rhaegar's family, but Eddard thought it a brutal act, and called it murder of children. This resulted in an argument between Eddard and Robert, which led to the former riding out alone to finish the war in the south.[2]

Oblężenie Końca Burzy

Główny artykuł: Oblężenie Końca Burzy

Although more attrition than actual battle, the siege of Storm’s End (6 on the map) held up Mace Tyrell’s forces at Koniec Burzy for the better part of the entire war. During this siege the forces of the Reach, led by Mace and Lord Paxter Redwyne, feasted within sight of the castle while Stannis Baratheon and his men starved inside. Help for Storm's End eventually came in the form of Davos Seaworth, who smuggled a cargo of onions past the blockade. In the end, Stannis and his forces held out until Eddard Stark arrived. Lord Tyrell, at Stark's arrival, quickly dipped his banners.[29]

Najazd na Wieżę Radości - Koniec Gwardii Królewskiej Aerysa

Główny artykuł: Najazd na Wieżę Radości

Ser Arthur Dayne, Ser Oswell Whent i Lord Dowódca Gwardii Królewskiej Gerold Hightower nie brali udziału w Bitwie nad Tridentem, Królewskiej Przystani i Smoczej Skały. Znaleziono ich później broniących małej wieży w Dorne, który Rhaegar nazwał Wieżą Radości. Lord Eddard pojechał tam po zakończeniu oblężenia Końca Burzy z sześcioma kompanami: Howlandem Reedem, Lordem Willamem Dustinem, Ethanem Gloverem, Martynem Casselem, Theo Wullem i Ser Markiem Ryswellem. Siedmiu towarzyszy walczyło przeciwko trzem Białym Płaszczą i tylko Eddard i Howland przeżyli. Lyanna Stark została znaleziona w wieży, ale zmarła krótko po tym, jak wymusiła przysięgę na swoim bracie. Eddard po tym zszedł na dół wieży by pogrzebać zabitych. Po wszystkim Eddard pojechał do Starfall by oddać miecz Arthura Świt jego siostrze Asharze Dayne, która krótko po tym rzuciła się do Morza Letniego.

Atak na Smoczą Skałę

Główny artykuł: Atak na Smoczą Skałę

After the royalist defeat at the Trident, Queen Rhaella Targaryen and her son, Prince Viserys Targaryen, were sent to the island of Smocza Skała[16] with the Red Keep's master-at-arms, Ser Willem Darry. There, Viserys was crowned by his mother,[30], while on the mainland, Stannis Baratheon began constructing a new fleet to lead an assault on Dragonstone.

Nine months after the flight to Dragonstone,[31] the queen died in childbed, giving birth to Daenerys Targaryen during a great storm that destroyed the Targaryen fleet at anchor.[31] With most of the Targaryen fleet destroyed, and with the Baratheon fleet ready to take Dragonstone, the Targaryen household at the last Targaryen stronghold was willing to sell the remaining Targaryen children to the new king, Robert Baratheon. Before Stannis could arrive, however, Willem and a handful of men smuggled Viserys, Daenerys, and her wet nurse from the nursery and sailed for Braavos, where the last Targaryens began their lives of wandering exile. Stannis then led the successful assault on Dragonstone.

Wynik

Po udanym zakończeniu rebelii Ród Targaryenów został odsunięty od władzy, a większość jego członków została zabita. Przeżyło tylko dwóch Targeryenów, którzy uciekli za Wąskie Morze. Robert Baratheon zasiadł na Żelaznym Tronie. Mianował on [[Jon Arryn|Jona Arryna] swoim namiestnikiem. Po tym jak Lyanna Stark zmarła podczas porwania, Jon przekonał Roberta do poślubienia Cersei Lannister, by utrzymać bliżej siebieRód Lannisterów.

Pogłoski z Dorne mówiły o kolejnej rebeli, organizowanej przez dornijskiego Księcia Oberyna Martella, rozgniewanego śmiercią swojej siostry Elii, bratanka Aegona i siostrzenicy Rhaenys. Mówiono, że chce on wznieść swoje chorągwie dla wygnanego Viserysa Targaryena. Kruki i jeźdźcy zostali rozesłani, ale wiadomości, które przewozili, pozostały nieznane, aż do do dnia, kiedy Jon Arryn rok po zakończeniu Rebelii Roberta omówił pokój z Księciem Dorne Doranem Martellem. Od tego czasu zakończyły się wszelkie opowieści o nowym buncie.[32]

Cytaty

Once Rhaegar died, the war was done.[33]

- Pycelle

Przypisy

  1. So Spake Martin: The Siege of Storm's End, July 18, 1999
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 2,3 2,4 Gra o Tron, Rozdział 12, Eddard II.
  3. 3,0 3,1 Gra o Tron, Rozdział 58, Eddard XV.
  4. Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 24, Bran II.
  5. Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 67, Niszczyciel Królów.
  6. 281AC is called "the year of the false spring", showing that it had been winter previously. The term "false spring" shows that the warmer weather had only been for a short period of time, and that winter weather thus returned shortly thereafter.
  7. 7,0 7,1 7,2 7,3 Starcie Królów, Rozdział 55, Catelyn VII.
  8. 8,0 8,1 8,2 Gra o Tron, Rozdział 4, Eddard I.
  9. 9,0 9,1 Gra o Tron, Rozdział 2, Catelyn I.
  10. 10,0 10,1 10,2 Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 9, Davos I.
  11. Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 54, Davos V.
  12. Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 36, Davos IV.
  13. 13,0 13,1 So Spake Martin: Young Lord Connington, August 25, 2000
  14. Starcie Królów, Rozdział 3, Tyrion I.
  15. Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 29, Arya V.
  16. 16,0 16,1 16,2 16,3 16,4 Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 37, Jaime V.
  17. Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 2, Catelyn I.
  18. Świat Lodu i Ognia (aplikacja).
  19. 19,0 19,1 19,2 Gra o Tron, Rozdział 28, Catelyn V.
  20. Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 43, Arya VIII.
  21. Gra o Tron, Rozdział 16, Eddard III.
  22. Świat Lodu i Ognia (aplikacja), Rhaegar Targaryen.
  23. A Forum of Ice and Fire: TWOIAF Spoilers Inconsistency or Intentional?
  24. So Spake Martin: US Signing Tour (Huntington Beach, CA), November 19, 2005
  25. Starcie Królów, Rozdział 22, Catelyn II.
  26. Uczta dla Wron, Rozdział 35, Samwell IV.
  27. Świat Lodu i Ognia, The Old Way and the New.
  28. Taniec ze Smokami, Dodatek.
  29. Gra o Tron, Rozdział 39, Eddard X.
  30. Świat Lodu i Ognia (aplikacja), Viserys Targaryen.
  31. 31,0 31,1 Gra o Tron, Rozdział 3, Daenerys I.
  32. Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 53, Tyrion VI.
  33. Starcie Królów, Rozdział 25, Tyrion VI.


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