Volantis

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Volantis
City state, one of the Wolne Miasta
Free Cities.png
Lokalizacja Essos, Wolne Miasta, mouth of Rhoyne
Zarządca Triarchy , Freehold.
Religia Mixed religions
Założony before 1536 BC[1]
Znane miejsca Black Wall, Long Bridge, Temple of the Lord of Light, Merchant's House
Organizacje Tiger and elephant parties, tiger cloaks

Volantis, often called Old Volantis[2][3][4] and the First Daughter,[5][6] is a city in southwestern Essos. Located at the mouth of the Rhoyne on the Summer Sea, it is the oldest and the proudest of the Nine Wolne Miasta.[7] Volantis is one of the greatest, richest, and most powerful of these city-states,[6] and was once the most populous.[8]

City

Location

Volantis is the southeastern-most of the Wolne Miasta, located east of the Sporne Ziemie. Volantis sprawls across one of the four mouths of the Rhoyne, where the river flows into the Summer Sea.[6] To the north is the river Volaena.[9] The cities Volon Therys, Valysar, and Selhorys are located directly northeast of the city,[9] and are ruled by Volantis.[6] Volantis also controls the Rhoyne as far as the tributary river Selhoru, and holds sway over the Orange Shore, west of the city.[6] The ruins of Sar Mell lie northeast as well.[9]

Volantis is the closest Free City to Zatoka Niewolnicza, lying approximately five hundred and fifty leagues from Meereen.[7] Between Volantis and Slaver's Bay lies the Demon Road.[10]

Climate

The climate of Volantis is hot and humid,[8] the air is hot and heavy.[11] Beyond the waterfront and its breezes the streets and alleys of Volantis are enough to drown a man in his own sweat, as least on the eastern side of the river.[11] Heat shimmers off of the streets, giving a dreamlike quality to the surroundings. Quentyn Martell finds that the sullen wet heat of the city saps his strength and leaves him feeling dirty.[11] There is also a smell that hangs in the air, rich, rank and pervasive. There is fish in it, flowers and some elephant dung, also something sweet and something earthy and something dead and rotten. According to Tyrion Lannister the city smells like an old whore.[8] In Volantis the nights are almost as hot as the days.[11]

Layout

See also: Images of Volantis
Many of the statues in Volantis lack heads - by Marc Fishman ©

The older districts of the city lie upon the eastern banks, while the newer districts are located on the west. These two halves are connected by the Long Bridge.[6]

The Black Walls of eastern Volantis protect a large labyrinth of palaces, courtyards, towers, temples, cloisters, bridges, and cellars. Many inside the Black Walls keep the old gods of Valyria, but R'hllor is favored outside the Black Walls, both by slaves and freedmen.[6]

Volantis is ruled by a triarchs, who are chosen annually through festive and tumultuous elections lasting ten days. While foreigners might see the elections as chaotic, they are usually peaceful. All freeborn who own land, regardless of gender, are allowed to vote.[6][8][11]

  • The deep harbor is ideally placed. Volantenes claim that the hundred isles of Braavos could be dropped into the harbor and disappear. Volantis spreads across the mouth of the Rhoyne and across the hills and marshes on both sides of the river.[11]
  • The Black Wall is a great oval of fused black dragonstone, harder than steel or diamond, built two hundred feet high by the Valyrian Freeheld. It protects the oldest part of the city on the eastern shore, often called Old Volantis. It is wide enough for six four-horse chariots to race around its top abreast, as is done each year to celebrate the founding of the city.[6][11]
  • The Temple of the Lord of Light is located in the eastern half of Volantis. According to Archmaester Gramyon, it is about three times the size of the Wielki Sept Baelora in Królewska Przystań.[6]
  • Fishermonger's Square is a bustling square congested with traffic where fishmongers sell their catches.[11]
  • The Merchant's House, located on Fishmonger's Square in western Volantis, is the finest inn in Volantis.[8][11]
  • The Long Bridge joins the two halves of Volantis across the mouth of the Rhoyne. It is a great span with a road supported by massive piers that the Valyrians built at the height of their glory. Its gateway is an arch of black stone carved with sphinxes, manticores, dragons, and other beasts. The road is wide enough for two carts to pass abreast. Buildings rise on either side of the roadway. One can buy almost anything in the shops on the Long Bridge. In the center of the bridge are displayed the hands of thieves and the heads of executed criminals.[6][8]
Elephant transport in Volantis - by Marc Fishman ©

People

Volantis was once the most populous of the Free Cities.[8] Doran Martell considers the Volantenes to be “strange and subtle”.[12]

The Volantenes feel that people of quality should not travel afoot, but instead by palanquin or in a hathay. Travelling afoot can taint a person in the eyes of both the native-born Volantenes and the foreign captains in the city.[11] According to semi-canon sources the freeborn citizens tattoo themselves to show prowess in battle and as a record of their exploits. [13][14]

The Old Blood refers to some of the population in Volantis, noble families who can prove unbroken descent from old Valyria itself. Only those of the Old Blood are allowed to live within the Black Walls of eastern Volantis, and only they can invite slaves, freedmen, or foreigners to enter.[6][11] Freeborn Volantenes with enough property can vote. There are precious few voters on the western side of Volantis, over the river.[8]

Slaves

There are five slaves for each freedman in Volantis.[6][11] It is custom in Volantis to have the faces of slaves tattooed, to mark their status.[6][11][15] This custom is similarly practised in the cities under the control of Volantis, like Selhorys.[16]

Known slave tattoos of Volantis include:

  • Squares of motley, from neck to scalp: fools and jesters.[6][15]
  • A wheel tattooed upon one cheek: driver of an hathay.[6][11]
  • A mask of blue feathers.[6]
  • A lightning bolt that ran from jaw to brow.[6]
  • A coin upon the cheek.[6]
  • A leopard's spots.[6]
  • A skull.[6]
  • A jug.[6]
  • Flies on the cheeks: slaves collecting elephant and horse dung.[6][8]
  • Flames across the cheeks: members of the Fiery Hand.[17]
  • Flames across the cheeks, chin and forehead: priests of the faith of R'hllor.[8][18][19][20]
  • A horsehead on the cheek: workers in stables.[8]
  • Tiger stripes, green as jade, across the cheeks: slave soldiers.[6][8][16]
  • A single tear beneath the right eye: prostitutes.[6][8][16]
  • A cog's figurehead upon one cheek: slaves bound to a ship.[18]


Triarchs

Główny artykuł: Triarch of Volantis
A triarch being transported by elephant - by Marc Fishman ©

Volantis is ruled by three triarchs, chosen by every freeborn landowner.[6][11] They are chosen from amongst the noble families who can prove unbroken descent from old Valyria, and will serve until the first day of the new year. The triarchs of Volantis are considered so elevated that they are not allowed to have their feet touch the ground during their year of service.[11] The elections last ten days, with much campaigning and bribery.[6][8]

The triarchs belong to one of two political parties, the elephants and the tigers. The elephants are the party of the merchants and moneylenders advocating trade, while the tigers are old aristocracy and warriors interested in conquest.[10] At no time has more than one tiger been named triarch.[5] Some of the first elephants were women, one of whom, Trianna, was returned four times. Volantis has not had a female triarch for three hundred years.[8]

The current triarchs are the tiger Malaquo Maegyr and the elephants Doniphos Paenymion and Nyessos Vhassar.[5][21]

Plik:Coin of Volantis.png
A coin, or honor, of Volantis (front and back), as depicted by Nutchapol Thitinunthakorn in Świat Lodu i Ognia

Economy

Volantis is key to the slave market, trading heavily with the cities of Zatoka Niewolnicza to the east. It is said there are five slaves to every free man in the city.[7]

Volantis use coins, called "honors", with a crown on one face and death's head on the other as part of their currency.[22] The honors are no bigger than a penny.[23]

Volantenes are fond of sweet beets, which they grow in profusion and serve in most major culinary dishes in the city. They make a cold soup of the beets which is as thick and rich as purple honey.[11] The Volantenes are known for their sweet red wine.[11][24]

Few ships from Westeros come as far as Volantis, and those who do fill their holds with silk and spice from the Jade Sea, then bend their oars for home.[11]

The board game cyvasse originates from Volantis,[17][25][26] and its pieces are sold in the city.[11]


History

Foundation

Plik:HBO Volantis season 2.png
Volantis in supplemental Blu-ray content from Gra o Tron.

Volantis is the oldest of the Free Cities. It was the first colony of the Valyriańskie Włości, her "first daughter".[8] Established to protect the borders of the Freehold, Volantis was little more than a garrison protected by the Black Walls for a hundred years.[6] Wealthy Valyrians used this military outpost to take advantage of trade along the Rhoyne,[27] however, and settlements quickly grew on both sides of the river. Construction of the Long Bridge to cross the Rhoyne began under Triarch Vhalaso the Munificent.[6]

Rhoynish Wars

Volantis grew powerful trading with Valyria and the Rhoynar, although the nearby Rhoynish city Sarhoy declined. This led to the lengthy Rhoynish Wars.[6]

In the Second Spice War, the last of these wars, Volantis and three Valyrian dragonlords destroyed Sarhoy and sowed the ruins with salt to prevent the Rhoynish city from rising again.[28] Prince Garin of Chroyane declared war and marched at the head of the biggest army Essos had seen. He won victories at Selhorys, Valysar, and Volon Therys, where he faced a hundred thousand enemies, a hundred elephants, and three dragonlords. After Volon Therys, the Volantenes behind the Black Walls asked the Freehold for help. The alliance between Volantis and the Freehold shattered Garin's host, and it is said the blood of the Rhoynar turned the great harbor of Volantis red as far as one could see.[28]

Century of Blood

Główny artykuł: Wiek Krwi

After the Zagłada Valyrii, the Volantenes considered themselves the heirs to the Freehold and rightful rulers of the world. They sent a fleet to claim the Valyrian peninsula, but it vanished in the Smoking Sea.[10]

Tommen II Lannister, King of the Rock, stayed at Volantis on his way to Old Valyria during the Wiek Krwi. According to The Glory of Volantis, Tommen promised half of what he would find to the triarchs of Volantis in return for their generosity and potential aid from their fleet. Triarch Marqelo Tagaros sent ships after Tommen the following year, but no sign of the king was found.[29]

Those in Volantis were divided on how to achieve conquest against the other Wolne Miasta. Those of the Old Blood favored war, whilst the moneylenders and merchants favored trade. These two factions became known as the tigers and the elephants, respectively. The tigers held sway for almost a century, and Volantis called for war upon the other cities, with the tigers leading the city into a great conflict with the other daughters. They were successful at first, taking control of Lys and Myr. When they tried to take Tyrosh, however, Pentos joined the Tyroshi, and Lys and Myr rebelled. The Sealord of Braavos provided ships to aid Lys, and Argilac Durrandon, the Westerosi Król Burzy, joined the conflict and led a host into the Sporne Ziemie. It was Argilac's host who defeated a Volantene host which had been attempting to retake Myr.[5][10]

Aegon Targaryen, Lord of Smocza Skała, accepted an alliance with Pentos and Tyrosh against Volantis, flew to Lys, and set ablaze a Volantene fleet preparing to invade the city. Volantis was further defeated at Dagger Lake, where galleys from Qohor and Norvos destroyed much of the Volantene fleet which had been on the Rhoyne. Even Dothrakowie entered the conflict, falling upon the weakened Volantis.[10]

In the end, the Volantene faction favoring peace, the elephants, took power from the tigers, and the fighting was at an end.[10][30]

Recent History

For the last three centuries, at least two of the three triarchs in power have been elephants.[5][31] Triarch Horonno, who had been returned as triarch for forty years, declared himself as triarch for life. In response, he was seized by rioters soon after, tied between two elephant animals, and torn apart.[6][16]

Volantis fought against the combined power of Myr, Lys, and Tyrosh, in the Battle of the Borderland. The victory of the three smaller cities over Volantis led to the start of the Triarchy, in 96AC.[32]

Princess Saera Targaryen, a younger daughter of King Jaehaerys I Targaryen and Queen Alysanne, ended her days in Volantis as the proprietor of a famous pleasure house.[33] During the reign of King Aerys II Targaryen, Volantis was involved in a trade war against Myr and Tyrosh. Gold and arms were provided to them by the Targaryen kings.[34]

Harwyn Hoare, visited Volantis before becoming King of the Isles and the Rivers.[35] Doran Martell, Prince of Dorne, visited Volantis in his youth, while on his way to Norvos.[12] His younger brother, Prince Oberyn, fathered a bastard daughter, Nymeria Sand, on a Volantene noblewoman of the old blood.[36] King Aerys II Targaryen sent his first cousin, Lord Steffon Baratheon, on an ultimately fruitless mission to seek a bride across the Wąskie Morze for his son, Prince Rhaegar Targaryen. One of the places Steffon is known to have visited is Volantis, where he found the jester Plama, whose freedom he bought so he could bring him to Koniec Burzy.[37][38]

When Daenerys Targaryen was a girl she and her brother, Viserys, spent some time in Volantis when they were wandering from place to place.[39] After leaving behind his wife, Lynesse Hightower, and fleeing Lys, Ser Jorah Mormont ended up in Volantis for the best part of a year, owning nothing but his sword and the clothes upon his back.[8] Hizdahr zo Loraq has also visited Volantis.[3]

Recent Events

Plik:Mystique of the EastMartina Pilcerova.png
Mystique of the East - Illustrated by Martina Pilcerova. © Fantasy Flight Games.
Plik:Tomasz Jedruszek Fleet from VolantisII.JPG
Volantis has launched its fleet against Daenerys Targaryen - by Tomasz Jedruszek. © Fantasy Flight Games

Nawałnica Mieczy

After Melisandre and Selyse Florent burn Lord Guncer Sunglass at Smocza Skała, his brother and heir, the new Lord Sunglass, flees for Volantis.[40]

The Wise Masters of Yunkai send envoys to the great slaving city of Volantis seeking aid against Daenerys Targaryen, the new Queen of Meereen who has been liberating slaves in Slaver's Bay.[41]

A Dance with Dragons

The Złota Kompania cancels its contract with Myr and makes its way towards Volantis. Prince Quentyn Martell and his two companions, Ser Gerris Drinkwater and Ser Archibald Yronwood, search for a ship in Volantis to take them to Meereen, but have no luck. They sign on with the Windblown, who are recruiting in the city, in order to get to Zatoka Niewolnicza.[11]

In Selhorys, Qavo Nogarys tells Tyrion Lannister that the red priest Benerro preaches that Volantis will surely burn if the triarchs take up arms against Daenerys of Meereen. He states the city thirsts for war.[16]

Ser Jorah Mormont captures Tyrion in Selhorys and takes him to Volantis. On the way to the Merchant's House, they pass the Temple of the Lord of Light. They stop to watch Benerro, who preaches that Daenerys is an ancient hero reborn of the R'hllor faith and encourages many to support her. The next day Jorah takes Tyrion to meet the widow of the waterfront in the inn's common room to arrange passage to Meereen. While there, Grosik attacks Tyrion.[8] On the widow's advice Jorah books passage for himself, Tyrion, and Penny on the Selaesori Qhoran, which the red priest Moqorro is taking to Meereen.[18]

While stopping in Volantis, Victarion Greyjoy, Lord Captain of the Iron Fleet, observes galleys heading to Slaver's Bay taking on provisions. The whole city seems drunk. Sailors and soldiers and tinkers are observed dancing in the streets with nobles and fat merchants, and in every inn and winesink cups are raised to the new triarchs. All the talk is of the gold and gems and slaves that will flood into Volantis once the dragon queen Daenerys is dead.[19]

In Meereen Skahaz mo Kandaq informs Ser Barristan Selmy that Volantis has launched its fleet against Daenerys Targaryen, and that Hizdahr zo Loraq means to open Meereen's gates for them.[42]

While at the Isle of Cedars, Victarion thinks that the storms encountered by his Żelazna Flota would have scattered the Volantenes as they had his own ships. Many Volantene ships might have sunk or run aground, but there still could be as many as five hundred ships sailing for Slaver's Bay.[19]

Quotes

I hate this city.[11]

Gerris Drinkwater, to Quentyn Martell

The Volantene apple had rolled a fair distance from the Valyrian tree.[11]

Quentyn Martell's thoughts

The city thirsts for war.[16]

Qavo Nogarys, to Tyrion Lannister

Oh, these are dire days in Old Volantis, even for wrinkled old widows. But not half so dire as in Meereen.[8]

– The widow of the waterfront

Chapters that take place at Volantis

References and Notes

  1. Lorath was uninhabited for a century before it was founded in 1436 BC. Lorath's original inhabitants were at war with Norvos, already in existence. As Volantis was the first daughter of Valyria, she already existed before.
  2. Uczta dla Wron, Rozdział 34, Cat znad Kanałów.
  3. 3,0 3,1 Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 2, Daenerys I.
  4. Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 25, Plewy na Wietrze.
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 5,3 5,4 Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 14, Tyrion IV.
  6. 6,00 6,01 6,02 6,03 6,04 6,05 6,06 6,07 6,08 6,09 6,10 6,11 6,12 6,13 6,14 6,15 6,16 6,17 6,18 6,19 6,20 6,21 6,22 6,23 6,24 6,25 6,26 6,27 6,28 6,29 6,30 Świat Lodu i Ognia, The Free Cities: Volantis.
  7. 7,0 7,1 7,2 Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 5, Tyrion II.
  8. 8,00 8,01 8,02 8,03 8,04 8,05 8,06 8,07 8,08 8,09 8,10 8,11 8,12 8,13 8,14 8,15 8,16 8,17 8,18 Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 27, Tyrion VII.
  9. 9,0 9,1 9,2 Ziemie Lodu i Ognia, The Free Cities.
  10. 10,0 10,1 10,2 10,3 10,4 10,5 Świat Lodu i Ognia, Ancient History: The Doom of Valyria.
  11. 11,00 11,01 11,02 11,03 11,04 11,05 11,06 11,07 11,08 11,09 11,10 11,11 11,12 11,13 11,14 11,15 11,16 11,17 11,18 11,19 11,20 11,21 11,22 Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 6, Sługa Kupca.
  12. 12,0 12,1 Uczta dla Wron, Rozdział 40, Księżniczka w Wieży.
  13. RPG A Song of Ice and Fire, Green Ronin.
  14. RPG Gra o Tron, Guardians of Order.
  15. 15,0 15,1 Starcie Królów, Wystąpił błąd w drugim parametrze.
  16. 16,0 16,1 16,2 16,3 16,4 16,5 Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 22, Tyrion VI.
  17. 17,0 17,1 Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 47, Tyrion X.
  18. 18,0 18,1 18,2 Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 33, Tyrion VIII.
  19. 19,0 19,1 19,2 Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 56, Żelazny Zalotnik.
  20. Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 63, Victarion I.
  21. Taniec ze Smokami, Dodatek.
  22. Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 1, Tyrion I.
  23. Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 45, Ślepa Dziewczynka.
  24. Gra o Tron, Rozdział 54, Daenerys VI.
  25. Uczta dla Wron, Rozdział 13, Zbrukany Rycerz.
  26. Uczta dla Wron, Rozdział 36, Cersei VIII.
  27. Świat Lodu i Ognia, Ancient History: The Arrival of the Andals.
  28. 28,0 28,1 Świat Lodu i Ognia, Ancient History: Ten Thousand Ships.
  29. Świat Lodu i Ognia, The Westerlands.
  30. Świat Lodu i Ognia, The Free Cities: Qohor.
  31. Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 8, Tyrion III.
  32. Świat Lodu i Ognia, The Free Cities: The Quarrelsome Daughters: Myr, Lys, and Tyrosh.
  33. Świat Lodu i Ognia, The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys I.
  34. Świat Lodu i Ognia, The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II.
  35. Świat Lodu i Ognia, The Iron Islands: The Black Blood.
  36. Uczta dla Wron, Rozdział 2, Kapitan Straży.
  37. Starcie Królów, Prolog.
  38. Starcie Królów, Rozdział 5, Arya II.
  39. Gra o Tron, Rozdział 3, Daenerys I.
  40. Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 36, Davos IV.
  41. Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 71, Daenerys VI.
  42. Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 55, Gwardzista Królowej.



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