Wiara w Siedmiu

Z Wiki Westeros
Skocz do: nawigacja, szukaj
wiara, Artwork by Nicole Cardiff ©
Siedem aspektów boga, pośrodku siedmioramienna gwiazda
Siedem aspektów boga, Artrork by Guad ©

Wiara w Siedmiu to dominująca religia w Siedmiu Królestwach. W skrócie nazywa się ją "Wiarą". Jedyne miejsca w Westeros, gdzie Wiara nie jest powszechna to Północ i Żelazne Wyspy. Na Żelaznych Wyspach wiara w Starych Bogów i Utopionego Boga jest nadal silna.

Siedmiu

Wiara czci Siedmiu - bóstwo o siedmiu aspektach lub twarzach, każda z nich przedstawia inną cnotę. Wyznawcy modlą się do konkretnego aspektu Siedmiu o pomoc i wskazówki, w zależności czego potrzebują. Aspekty Siedmiu to:

  • Ojciec, reprezentuje rozsądek. Przedstawiony jest jako brodaty mężczyzna z wagą, który modli się o sprawiedliwość.
  • Matka, reprezentuje macierzyństwo i wychowywanie. Matka modli się o płodność i współczucie. Przedstawiana jest jako uśmiechnięta kobieta, kochająca. Ucieleśnia pojęcie litości.
  • Wojownik, reprezentuje siłę w walce. Modli się o odwagę i zwycięstwo, w ręce trzyma miecz.
  • Dziewica, reprezentuje niewinność i czystość. Zwykle modli się do niej o dziewiczą czystość.
  • Kowal, reprezentuje rzemiosło i pracę. Modli się do niego o siłę i gdy trzeba wykonać pracę. Kowal trzyma młot.
  • Starucha, reprezentuje mądrość. Trzyma latarnię. Modli się do niej o porady.
  • Nieznajomy. reprezentuje śmierć i to co nieznane. Wyznawcy rzadko modlą się do niego. Jedynie wyrzutki utożsamiają się z tym bogiem.

Practices

The Wiara w Siedmiu is the official religion of the Siedem Królestw and is heavily integrated into its laws and culture. The Faith has a great many moral teachings. It frowns on gambling, preaches against bastardy, and curses things like incest and kinslaying.

One of the central holy texts of the Faith is The Seven-Pointed Star, which is divided into gospel-like sections, such as the Maiden's Book, also called The Book of the Maiden. Presumably, each of the Seven has his or her own book. "The Song of the Seven" is a song of worship for all of the Seven except the Stranger.[1] "Maiden, Mother, and Crone" is a song about the females of the Seven.

During trials by combat, the Seven are expected to intervene on the side of the just combatant. In order to become a Rycerz, a squire must spend a nightlong vigil in a sept and become anointed in the name of the Seven. For this reason, there are few Rycerzs in areas where the Faith is not kept, such as Północ. The city of Biały Port and its ruling family, the Manderlys, are the only prominent northerners who follow the Seven.

The number seven is considered holy to the Faith. It holds that there are seven hells as well as seven faces. The seven wanderers in the sky are considered as sacred, and even grace is taught to have seven aspects. The number seven is used to invest rituals or objects with a holy significance. Adherents of the Faith use seven-pointed stars, crystal prisms, and rainbows as icons of the religion. Rites of worship heavily involve the use of light and crystals to represent the seven-in-one god.

The places of worship of the Seven are called "septs", and every sept houses representational art portraying each of the seven aspects. In rural septs, they may merely be carved masks or simple charcoal drawings on a wall, while in wealthy septs, they may be statutes inlaid with precious metals and stones. Worshipers light candles before the altars of the symbolizing each of the seven aspects. Ceremonies are lead by the highest ranking male member of the clergy, and hymns are often sung. In the naming of a child, seven oils are used to anoint the infant. Weddings are conducted standing between the altars of the Father and the Mother. Rites of worship held in rich areas and during special occasions can feature embellishments such as choirs of seventy-seven septas.

Titles and Roles

Wielki Septon by Amoka©

Priests in the Wiara w Siedmiu are known as the godsworn: "septons" if male, "septas" if female, primary servants of the Seven serving in a capacity similar to priests and priestesses of other religions. The septons and septas follow a system of vows, in serving the various orders devoted to aspect of the Seven.

Leadership

Główny artykułs: Wielki Septon, i Najpobożniejsi

The Faith is ruled by a council of the highest ranking septons and septas, called the Najpobożniejsi. The Najpobożniejsi are led by the Wielki Septon, who dwells at the Wielki Sept Baelora in the city of Królewska Przystań. Whilst the Wielki Septon is usually elected from among the Najpobożniejsi, this is not a requirement, as non-members of the Najpobożniejsi have been raised to the office in the past.

Septons

A septon of Ród Tullych - Fantasy Flight Games ©

Male clergy of the Faith are called "septons", and there are various orders of devotion amongst them, each concentrating their devotion on one aspect of the Seven. For example, there are septons sworn the Smith, and they wear small metal hammers on a thong around their necks. Monastic orders of septons can live in 'septries' (plural of 'septry'), self sustaining enclaves of sworn brothers who are called "Brown Brothers". Septons without a sept wander the countryside ministering to the smallfolk in exchange for food and shelter. They are sometimes disparaged as "begging brothers", and they wear a small metal bowl around their necks. The figurehead of the Faith is known as the Wielki Septon.

Septas

Female clergy are called "septas", and there are various orders of devotion amongst them. There are orders of septas, called white, grey or blue septas, but it is unrevealed to which aspect of the deity each of them is devoted. There are convents of septas called 'motherhouses,' including a large one in Stare Miasto. Septas often serve as governesses in the households of the high nobility. A trial of a woman conducted by the Faith will have septas sitting among the seven judges. High ranking septas are counted as members of the "Najpobożniejsi", revealing that they have a voice in the selection of a Wielki Septon.

Orders

Silent Sisters

Zobacz także: Silent Sisters

Silent Sisters, is a separate order of women sworn to the service of the Stranger, who have taken the vows of chastity and silence. They handle the bodies of the dead, preparing them for funerals. They are not regarded as septas. Silent Sisters are sometimes referred to as 'Wives of the Stranger'. They clothe themselves in grey and keep their faces cowled except for their eyes.[2]

Silent sisters handling the bodies of the dead, include removing bowels and organs, as well as drain blood, from corpses. They may also stuff the body with fragrant herbs and salts to preserve it and hide the smell of decomposition.

Wojująca Wiara

Zobacz także: Synowie Wojownika, i Bracia Ubodzy

Two military orders, collectively known as the Faith Militant, have existed at times in its history:

  • "Synowie Wojownika", are an order of Rycerzs who have renounced their lands and possessions to fight for the Seven. They wear inlaid silver armor over hair shirts, rainbow cloaks, and swords with star-shaped crystals in their pommels. They developed a reputation for fanaticism and implacable hatred for enemies of the Faith. They are the "sword" of the Sword and Stars.
  • "Poor Fellows", are a more humble order for commoners and even women. Acting as a militant counterpart to begging brothers, Poor Fellows wander the realm and escort pilgrims between septs. They are lightly-armed footmen, who carry whatever weapons they can make or find, often axes or cudgels, and wear star badges, red on white. They are the "stars" of the Sword and Stars.

Historically, the orders made trouble for the nobles and royalty of the Siedem Królestw and were brutally repressed by Maegor the Cruel, who put a bounty on the heads of the members of the orders, a gold smok for any scalp of a Warrior's Son and a silver stag for the scalp of a Poor Fellow, ultimately disbanding the orders and forbade holy men from taking up arms again.

Begging Brothers

Godsworn who choose to wander. They are clad in undyed brown robes, beg for alms and grant blessings to the faithful. They roam the roads of Westeros and preach.

Contemplative Brothers

They live and work in a monastic community known as a septry. The members of the septry often take a vow of silence. The septry is headed by the Elder Brother, who is often the only one who may speak at all times. The Elder Brother is assisted in running the septry by proctors. The brothers engage in contemplation, prayer and silence. The brother wear brown-and-dun robes with wide bell sleeves and pointed cowls. One such septry is on the Cicha Wyspa.

History

The faith of the Seven arose in the Hills of Andalos among the Andalowie. It is claimed that the Seven walked among the Hills of Andolos in human form. According to The Seven-Pointed Star: The Father brought down seven stars from heaven and placed them on the brow of Hugor of the Hill, the first king of the Andals, to form his crown and the Maid brought forth a girl supple as a willow with eyes like deep blue pools that became Hugor his first wife, the Mother made her fertile, who bore him forty-four mighty sons as foretold by the Crone. The Warrior gave each son strength of arms and the Smith wrought each a suit of iron plate.[3]

The Faith was brought to Westeros by the Andalowies who invaded from Essos, more than six thousand years ago, where it largely supplanted the local worship of the Starzy Bogowie. The city of Stare Miasto became the center of the Faith, and the Starry Sept in the city served as the seat of the Wielki Septon for a thousand years until the Targaryens came.

When Aegon the Conqueror, invaded Westeros, he adopted the Seven and gained support of the Wielki Septon, who proclaimed that the Faith Militant would not offer resistance to the Targaryen invasion. However, that changed upon Aegon's death and the passing of the Żelazny Tron to his son Aenys I. The Faith withdrew their allegiance and the Militant orders supported those lords who opposed the Targaryens.

The resulting civil war raged through the reigns of Aenys I and Maegor the Cruel and into the start of the reign of Jaehaerys I Targaryen. Maegor's brutal repression of the Faith caused tens of thousands of deaths. Eventually, Jaehaerys offered peace to the Faith and Ród Targaryenów's unwavering defense and support in return for the militant orders disbanding to which they agreed. Jaehaerys I Targaryen appointed Septon Barth the Namiestnik Króla and had forty years of peace and prosperity.

The Wielki Septon and the Najpobożniejsi moved the center of the faith to the new capital of Królewska Przystań. Upon the death of King Daeron I Targaryen, Baelor I Targaryen, the septon king assured the Żelazny Tron and built the Great Sept of Baelor atop Visenya's hill. Baelor decided not to re-arm the faith, as Baelor was a man of peace who believed the only weapon the faithful should have is prayer. During his reign he had a stonemason named as the Wielki Septon, a man that could carve stonework so beautifully that Baelor believed him to be the Smith in human form. While a fantastic stonecarver, the new Wielki Septon could not read, write or recite any prayers. Rumor spread that Baelor's Hand had him poisoned to end the embarrassment to the realm. Baelor then raised a boy of eight years to Wielki Septon, who Baelor claimed worked miracles, although the boy could not save the king's life on his deathbed.[4] History says Baelor starved himself to death by prolonged fasting to cleanse himself of lust.[5]

Recent Events

Gra o Tron

During a meeting of the Mała Rada Petyr Baelish informs Eddard Stark that the Crown has resorted to borrowing from the Faith.[6] Eddard is executed at the steps of the Wielki Sept Baelora.[7]

Starcie Królów

The fat Wielki Septon is killed during the Zamieszki w Królewskiej Przystani.[8] His replacement is appointed by the acting Namiestnik Króla, Tyrion Lannister.

Nawałnica Mieczy

Tywin Lannister supplies the Faith with a dazzling crystal crown to replace the one plundered by the mob during the riot. The Wielki Septon officiates the marriage of King Joffrey I and Margaery Tyrell at the Great Sept of Baelor.[9] Hamish the Harper sings "Maiden, Mother, and Crone" at the wedding feast.[9]

Uczta dla Wron

In the aftermath of the Wojna Pięciu Królów, the Siedem Królestw see an increase in religious fervor. Many pilgrims and refugees, often called "sparrows", take up the badges and arms of Poor Fellows to protect themselves and other homeless victims of the war. Groups of Poor Fellows take to guarding the Great Sept of Baelor and serving particularly pious nobles. Though common-born, the Poor Fellows show no respect for secular rank or social position.

Through her catspaw Osney Kettleblack, the Queen Regent, Cersei Lannister, arranges the death of the Tyrion-appointed Wielki Septon.[10] The sparrows force an especially pious septon, subsequently known as the Wielki Wróbel, as the new Wielki Septon upon the Najpobożniejsi. Numerous treasures, such as the crown from Tywin, are sold by the Faith to provide for the poor.[4] Cersei officially reinstates both orders of the Faith Militant as a concession to the devout new High Sparrow.[4] Many Rycerzs, including Cersei's cousin Lancel Lannister, join the reformed Warrior's Sons in the aftermath.

Quotes

"Even Aegon tread lightly where the Faith was concerned . . . it was his son Maegor who broke their power, but even then the Faith came back under kings like Baelor the Blessed."[11]

- GRRM


“The old Wielki Septon told my father that kings’ laws are one thing, and the laws of the gods another.” [12]

- Egg, to Dunk


"Have you ever notices that septas always look like prunes? That’s what a life of chastity will do to you." [13]

- Ser Gerris Drinkwater


“Faith is like porridge. Better with milk and honey.” [14]

- Jaime

Przypisy

  1. Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 46, Samwell III.
  2. Starcie Królów, Rozdział 39, Catelyn V.
  3. Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 5, Tyrion II.
  4. 4,0 4,1 4,2 Uczta dla Wron, Rozdział 28, Cersei VI.
  5. Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 59, Sansa IV.
  6. Gra o Tron, Rozdział 20, Eddard IV.
  7. Gra o Tron, Rozdział 65, Arya V.
  8. Starcie Królów, Rozdział 41, Tyrion IX.
  9. 9,0 9,1 Nawałnica Mieczy, Rozdział 60, Tyrion VIII.
  10. Uczta dla Wron, Rozdział 17, Cersei IV.
  11. So Spake Martin October 29, 2001, Direwolves and the Seven.
  12. Wierny Miecz,Legends II, ISNB 0-00-715436-4, page 160 of 88-190.
  13. Taniec ze Smokami, Rozdział 68, Poskromiciel Smoków.
  14. Uczta dla Wron, Rozdział 30, Jaime IV, p 566.

Ta strona zawiera treści z angielskiej Wikipedii. Pierwotna treść była w Religion in Pieśń Lodu i Ognia. Lista autorów jest dostępna w historii strony of Religion in Pieśń Lodu i Ognia. Podobnie jak w Wiki Westeros, zawartość Wikipedia dostępna jest pod GNU Free Documentation License.

ToTranslate.png
Ten artykuł lub sekcja jest nieprzetłumaczony. Możesz pomóc Wiki „Pieśni Lodu i Ognia” przetłumaczyć go.